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International workshop “Administrative reform in Asian countries and implications for Vietnam”

18/10/2017
Within 2 days, September 28th and 29th of 2017, at L’Opera hotel, 29 Trang Tien str., Hanoi, Institute of State and Law collaborated with the Rule of Law Programme Asia, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (KAS) to organize the international workshop “Administrative reform in Asian countries and implications for Vietnam”.

The workshop attracted over 100 participants from central bodies, institutes, and international researchers from countries in the South East Asian region, Korea and Taiwan.

On the side of the organizer, participants are: Mrs. Gisela Elsner, Head of the Rule of Law Programme Asia, KAS; Mr. Peter Girke, Chief Representative Office of KAS Hanoi; Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Duc Minh, Director of Institute of State and Law; Dr. Pham Thi Thuy Nga, Deputy Director of Institute of State and Law.

 

Mrs. Gisela Elsner

 

After the welcoming speech of Dr. Pham Thi Thuy Nga, Mrs. Gisela Elsner thanks the Vietnamese and international participants and researchers for their interest and for making time to attend the workshop, to share their experience on administrative reform. Administrative reform is to ensure the transparency and good functioning of a Nation’s Government, establishing the link between the society and people, alleviating poverty and stabilizing growth. She states that the United Nation resolutions emphasize on administrative reform as the core issue of State administrative governance and attracting foreign investment. State exists for the people, therefore administrative reform would affect the life of the people.

 

The first session of the workshop is entitled “Public administrative reform”, chaired by Mrs. Gisela Elsner, Mr. Peter Girke and Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Nhu Phat. The first presentation is made by Assoc. Prof. Vu Thu (Institute of State and Law) on “Decentralization of the tasks between central and local administration in Vietnam”. This is a large issue, critical to the success of administrative reform process. To carry out decentralization, three main solutions are identified: (i) Focus on improving legal document system; (ii) Promote usage of information technology in public service activities; (iii) Strengthen inspection, control, monitoring activities and conduct necessary coordination from the Government, ministries and sectors with decentralized localities.

 

The following presentation is “Observance of the rule of law in the operation of administrative bodies in the Philippines” by Philip C. Camiguing, Attorney, from the Office of Investigation and Bribery control, Cebu city, Philippines. In the presentation, Mr. Camiguing shares information related to the administrative reform in the Philippines. The delivery of effective public services is the top priority in the Philippines. This is done through the process of issuing many policies, law documents to create favorable opportunities for the people to exercise their rights and obligations.

 

In this session, the workshop also hears the presentation of Prof. Fan Chien Te (Director of the Institute of Law for Science and Technology, Taiwan) on Taiwan’s experience in administrative reform toward a market economy and discusses about the issues pointed out in previous presentations.

 

 

The second session “Reforming the administrative apparatus and personnel” chaired by Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Duc Minh and Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Nhu Phat. The opening presentation is from Mr. Ik Hyeon Rhee (President of the Korea Legislation Research Institute) on “Privatization, marketization and commercialization of public service: Korea’s experience”. He explains that privatization of public service is to ensure higher competitions. This is an important trend of Korea.

 

Korea has enacted the Public – Private Partnership Act in 1994, promoted private investment in infrastructure development. Article 1 of this Act stipulates the goal is to contribute to the national economy, to encourage the expansion of infrastructure by promoting investment from social capital. Up till now, the Act has been amended twice in 1998 and 2000.

 

Afterwards, the workshop continues with two more presentations: “Administrative reform in the court system” by Dr. Jinman Lee (Deputy Chief Justice of Seoul Administrative Court, Korea) and “Reduce costs in implementation of the law” by LLM. Ngo Vinh Bach Duong (Institute of State and Law).

 

In the morning of September 29th 2017, the workshop comes to its last session “Reform and modernization of administrative procedures”.  Mr. Taing Ratana (Director of the Cambodia Constitutional Council) introduces the successes and challenges in the process of decentralizing administrative reform. The 2002 General Election in Cambodia has marked an important milestone when the National Assembly passed the law on election for commune (Sangka) council and law on administrative management at commune level.

 

The workshop is also presented with other presentations from different researchers.

 

To wrap up, Mrs. Gisela Elsner summarizes opinions of the participants, including the accountability of civil servants; the development of e-government model to simplify procedures and reduce corruption; the impact of social network, etc. Finally, Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Duc Minh, on behalf of the organizers, thanks all the presenters, researchers, participants for their attendance and discussion in the workshop; thanks the organizing team. On behalf of Institute of State and Law, Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Duc Minh thanks Mrs. Gisela Elsner and other KAS staff for their support and collaboration with Institute for the successful workshop.